Code Of Ethics
The Nepal Medical Council passed a code of ethics which all doctors registered under it are to abide by. The code is written as:
The following declarations should be read and agreed to be abided by the applicant at the time of registration.
- I solemnly pledge myself to consecrate my life to the service of humanity.
- Even under threat, I will not use my knowledge contrary to the laws of humanity.
- I will maintain the utmost respect for human life from the time of conception.
- I will not permit considerations of sex, religion, nationality, race, party-politics or social standing to intervene between my duty and my patient.
- I will practice my profession with conscience and dignity.
- The health of my patient will be my first consideration.
- I will respect the secrets which are confided in me.
- I will give to my teachers the respect and gratitude which is their due.
- I will maintain by all means in my practice, the honour and noble traditions of the medical profession.
- My colleagues will be my brothers.
- I make these promises solemnly, freely and upon my honour.
Statements by the Professions Physicians on Code of Ethics.
The Hippocratic Oath (5th Century BC)
- I swear to fulfill, to the best of my ability and judgement, this covenant:
- I will respect the hard-won scientific gains of those physicians in whose steps I walk, and gladly share such knowledge as is mine with those who are to follow.
- I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures [that] are required, avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment and therapeutic nihilism.
- I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon's knife or the chemist's drug.
- I will not be ashamed to say "I know not," nor will I fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient's recovery.
- I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must I tread with care in matters of life and death. If it is given to me to save a life, all thanks. But it may also be within my power to take a life; this awesome responsibility must be faced with great humbleness and awareness of my own frailty. Above all, I must not play at God.
- I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerous growth, but a sick human being, whose illness may affect the person's family and economic stability. My responsibility includes these related problems, if I am to care adequately for the sick.
- I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure.
- I will remember that I remain a member of society, with special obligations to all my fellow human beings, those sound of mind and body as well as the infirm.
- If I do not violate this oath, may I enjoy life and art, respected while I live and remembered with affection thereafter. May I always act so as to preserve the finest traditions of my calling and may I long experience the joy of healing those who seek my help.
World Medical Association Declaration, Geneva (1948, 1968, 1983)
At the time of being admitted as a member of the medical profession:
- I SOLEMNLY PLEDGE myself to consecrate my life to the service of humanity;
- I WILL GIVE my teachers the respect and gratitude which is their due;
- I WILL PRACTICE my profession with conscience and dignity;
- THE HEALTH OF MY PATIENT will be my first consideration;
- I WILL RESPECT the secrets which are confided in me, even after the patient has died;
- I WILL MAINTAIN by all means in my power, the honour and the noble traditions of the medical profession;
- MY COLLEAGUES will be my brothers;
- I WILL NOT PERMIT considerations of religion, nationality, race, party politics or social standing to intervene between my duty and my patient;
- I WILL MAINTAIN the utmost respect for human life from its beginning even under threat;
- I will not use my medical knowledge contrary to the laws of humanity;
- I MAKE THESE PROMISES solemnly, freely and upon my honour;